Megacolon is a term used to describe a very dilated, flaccid, incompetent colon. This usually occurs, secondary to chronic constipation and retention of feces, but may be a congenital dysfunction.
What causes dog megacolon?
Dogs with congenital megacolon are born with an abnormal lack of normal smooth muscle function of the colon. Megacolon can also be acquired, such as when feces is chronically retained, fecal water is completely absorbed, and the water and matter bond, causing the feces to become solidified within the colon.
Does megacolon require surgery?
The treatment of toxic megacolon usually involves surgery. If you develop this condition, you will be admitted to the hospital. You will receive fluids to prevent shock. Shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs when an infection in the body causes your blood pressure to decrease rapidly.
Can dogs get megacolon?
All breeds of dogs and cats seem equally susceptible to constipation, obstipation and megacolon. Interestingly, however, the Manx breed of cats is predisposed to a congenital form of this disease process caused by a rectal and sacral spinal deformity that predisposes them to this process.
How Long Can dogs live with megacolon?
Unfortunately, if the megacolon has been present for greater than four to six months, dilation and loss of function may be irreversible. The colon is not able to return to normal function after this extended period of time.
What does Megacolon look like?
What Are the Symptoms of Megacolon? Common symptoms of megacolon include constipation, bloating, and abdominal pain or tenderness. In more severe cases, hard fecal masses called fecalomas may also be present. Depending on the cause, megacolon may have additional symptoms.
How long does it take for toxic megacolon to develop?
Signs and symptoms of acute colitis may be present for as long as 1 week before dilatation develops.
How do I know if my Megacolon is toxic?
Seek immediate medical help or have someone call 911 if you have severe stomach pain and these symptoms:
- Frequent diarrhea.
- Bloody diarrhea.
- Swelling in your belly.
- Rapid heart rate.
- Signs of shock, such as a weak pulse, cool or clammy skin, dilated eyes, confusion, and rapid or shallow breathing.
What is another name of Megacolon?
Hirschsprung’s disease is a rare congenital disorder that causes an obstruction (or blockage) of the intestine. This prevents normal bowel movements. You might hear doctors refer to this condition with other names, such as: Congenital megacolon or megarectum.
How many pounds of stool is in your colon?
This means a man of average weight produces about 1 pound of poop and a woman of average weight produces about 14 ounces of poop per day, contained in your large intestine.
What do you eat on a Megacolon?
Patients with acquired, nonacute megacolon should follow a high-fiber, high-fluid intake diet, which usually helps to decrease constipation. Some patients with severe constipation state that a high-fiber diet produces greater difficulty with bloating and constipation.